Microorganisms tend to thrive in the re-circulated water and on wet surfaces. Bacteria, slime and algae foul heat– exchanger surfaces and in some cases attack and destroy system components.
Using Ultraviolet Light and Filtration
In addition to officially sponsored research projects being performed throughout the world (see Section V for more information on research), many universities, government organizations and industry professionals are active in providing solutions to this issue. The following papers have been presented on arsenic treatment, health effects or policy issues at various tradeshows and conferences throughout the United States.
White papers on Arsenic
Dayton Progress Corp.'s focus has been on manufacturing metal punches, punch blanks and metal stamping tools. It also would take experienced water treatment professionals to ensure that the proper quality water was used in each process. That is why it relied on Crown Solutions, Inc. to manage the point-of-use (POU) and point-of-entry (POE) water treatment for each of its manufacturing processes that required water.
Application Requires Softening, Reverse Osmosis and Other POU/POE Technologies to Purify Water on an Ongoing Basis
As populations grow, as urban, suburban and ex-urban areas expand, demand for water increases and safety standards rise. An effective and creative way to deal with problems of growth and resource management might just be to think small. A case in point is the Olivenhain Municipal Water District's (OMWD) treatment facility in San Diego County, California.
Over the years, water quality has noticeably deteriorated worldwide. This decline in water quality stems from the extreme demand on very limited natural resources. Various principles of filtration are used in many applications to improve the general quality of the water that is being treated. Along with screen filters, coagulation/filtration, neutralizing filters, oxidizing filters, clairifying filters and carbon filters are other treatment methods that may be used.
Various filter technologies stretch limited natural resources for drinking water
Thanks to a new membrane filtration system, National Raisin Company, Fowler, Calif., not only has been able to cut its wastewater costs, but it also has opened up a potentially lucrative source of additional income.
At the Procter & Gamble manufacturing plant in Greensboro, N.C., an Aquionics ultraviolet (UV) dechlorination unit was installed before two banks of reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. Trials that ran soon after the UV system’s installation showed a dramatic reduction in the RO membrane wash frequency—down from an average of eight cleanings per month to only two per month.
Reverse Osmosis Membranes Maintenance Costs Reduced
Membrane technology offers the possibility of managing total water resources. The spiral wound membrane element configuration is the most widely used due to its high packing density and relatively low price. This article will describe some technological advances in the area of innovative new membranes and application concepts for spiral wound membrane elements.
The Diablo Canyon Power Plant at Avila Beach in California utilizes seawater for both cooling water and makeup water for steam generation. Ionics, Inc., Watertown, Mass., designed and built and now operates a complete water treatment system serving the high-purity water needs of this power plant. Over the past eight years, the seawater treatment section has demonstrated excellent long-term performance as a result of strong design, consistent maintenance and qualified operators.
The patented combination of slowsand with nanofiltration offers benefits that merit considerable discussion. This combination successfully was piloted by the University of Arizona beginning in 1987.