The controversial July 2000 final rule on Total Maximum
Daily Loads (TMDLs) is being withdrawn by the Environmental Protection Agency.
The agency said it had determined, on the basis of
"thousands of (public) comments" and some two dozen court
challenges, that the rule is "unworkable."
Issued in the late stages of the Clinton administration, the
regulation generated so much opposition that Congress passed a law prohibiting
its implementation. A subsequent review by the National Research Council of the
National Academy of Sciences produced extensive recommendations for revising
not only the rule but the underlying TMDL program, which was established in the
Clean Water Act.
EPA Administrator Christie Whitman said that an effective
national program for elimination of water pollution requires the active
participation and support of all levels of government but,
"Unfortunately, the 2000 rule....fell short of that goal and
She added that EPA would continue to seek ways to improve
the TMDL program and that, in the meantime, the existing TMDL regulations would
continue in force and the withdrawal of the July 2000 rule "will not stop
ongoing implementation of that program, development of water quality standards
[and] issuance of permits."
A new rule controlling runoff from large animal-feeding
operations has been developed by EPA in cooperation with the U.S. Department of
The regulation will require that all large Concentrated
Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) obtain permits, submit annual reports, and
develop and follow a plan for handling manure and wastewater. It also limits
land use of manure and wastewater.
When fully effective in 2006, the regulation will apply to
some 15,500 livestock operations throughout the country, compared with 4,500
under the present law.
EPA said that the new regulation will increase protection of
the nation's waters from nutrient enrichment and eutrophication and
reduce pathogens in drinking water. Estimates call for reductions of 56 million
pounds of phosphorous released to the atmosphere, 100 million pounds of
nitrogen, 1 million pounds of metals and 100 million pounds of sediments.
The agency said the rule "will replace 25-year-old
technology requirements and permitting regulations that did not address
today's environmental needs and did not keep pace with growth in the
A continuing dispute among water agencies in southern California
has resulted in a U.S. Interior Department action that will cut by half the
amount of water that has been available from the Colorado River to the
state's major water supplier.
The Metropolitan Water District (MWD) of Southern
California, which serves an area containing 17 million people, lost the
allocation in a disgreement among four water agencies in the southern sector of
the state over Colorado River allocations.
MWD said it had sufficient reserves to supply customers for
two years, during which time it plans conservation and other steps to offset
Efforts to resolve the impasse were continuing in both the state and in Washington.
A Watershed Management Council has been created at EPA to
intensify efforts to base water-policy strategy on watersheds.
G. Tracy Meehan III, assistant administrator for water, said
in announcing the formation of the new panel: "Although a decade of
effort has resulted in general awareness of the watershed approach within the
agency, recent events show substantial gaps in actual implementation."
The watershed approach, he added, "should not be seen
as merely a special initiative, " but it should be "the fulcrum of
our protection and restoration efforts."
Meehan described the creation of the Watershed Management
Council as a reaffirmation of EPA's commitment to "advancing the
Members will represent the agency's headquarters and
Meehan said that "failure to fully incorporate the
watershed approach into program implementation will result in failure to
achieve our environmental objectives in many of our nation's
Cost-effective techniques for removing arsenic from drinking
water are being developed by eight small companies under EPA contracts totaling
$800,000. The finding will help smaller systems in particular meet the new
arsenic standard, the agency said. Details on the individual techniques are
available online at
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EPA's standards for determining the ability of small
drinking-water systems to finance anti-pollution projects have limitations that
should be modified where possible, an advisory panel has told the agency.
Systems can apply for variances on implementing clean-water requirements under
the "affordability" criteria.
The Environmental Economic Advisory Committee said in a
report that the use of a national trigger as a screening device "suggests
the adoption of a fairly low affordability threshold."
The panel said EPA should develop clear and formal
guidelines about when variances should be granted at the local level and should
conduct research that would be shared with community water suppliers
"into possible mechanisms for achieving greater equity in distribution of
water costs to individuals."
Another recommendation called on EPA to consider consolidation
of systems in considering variances that would mean relaxation of water quality