The American Chemistry Council said it would "seek all appropriate remedies" to the controversial regulation announced on Tuesday by the Environmental Protection Agency.
A spokesman for the House Committee on Agriculture said the agency's decision to push ahead with the rule had "opened them to a variety of actions from several fronts."
Nearly half the members of Congress already have co-sponsored legislation to block the EPA rule.
The national EPA plan will require states to help identify polluted waters, pinpoint farms, companies and other sources of run-off pollution, and prepare clean-up plans.
The American Farm Bureau Federation's board of directors voted to take action against finalisation within 30 days.
SOURCE: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency