The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Water Infrastructure Resiliency and Finance Center, in collaboration with the...
Effective Lead Management Guides Sales and Customer Relationships
When a potential customer expresses interest in a company's
product or service--whether it's by completing a website form, calling an 800
number or sending an email inquiry--how often do you think a typical marketing
or sales department follows up on that lead? And how long will it be before
that same prospect purchases the product or service he is interested in? The
answers may surprise you.
According to a Reed Publishing Co. survey from 2001, more
than 70 percent of sales leads are never followed up on. Moreover, 43 percent
of the prospects who were never contacted bought the product or service they
had inquired about within 13 months--often from a competitor who did take the
time to do the requisite lead qualification and follow up. Not having a
strategic sales lead management process in place inevitably results in lost
opportunities. Consequences can range from drooping product sales to being
driven out of business by eager competitors.
Just as advertising plays a key role in business by piquing
a target market's interest and public relations by enhancing a company's
credibility, sales lead management plays a critical role in helping companies
build their businesses by managing customer relationships over time. If done
effectively, lead management is a strategic process that can yield significant
short-term and long-term benefits including improved sales cycles, a higher
number of sales that close and greater overall customer satisfaction and
loyalty. Many companies, however, have not honed their lead management programs
and as a result are missing the boat when it comes to sales growth opportunities.
An array of lead management tools are readily available to
companies of all types and sizes. In addition to leveraging the traditional
trade publication "bingo" response postcards, direct mailer reply
cards and basic telemarketing strategies, more companies are generating and
qualifying sales leads through their websites and e-mail marketing campaigns
for flexibility and affordability reasons. In fact, when a Reed Publishing
study asked trade publication readers what their preferred channel was for requesting
information from advertisers, their preference for the Internet was shown to
increase by a whopping 560 percent between 1998 and 2000.
E-mail is one of the most cost-effective relationship management
tools, as long as you employ opt-in technology so your company isn't perceived
as a "spammer" by e-mail recipients-a mistake that can permanently
compromise prospects' perceptions of your business. Regardless of the tools you
use to generate and manage sales leads, tracking your return on investment
(i.e., cost per lead) for each program is essential so you can repeat what
works and quickly eliminate what doesn't.
While the channels chosen for lead generation and management
are key, swift and specific follow up on leads is even more important. Whether
a lead is generated and qualified using a web-based response form or bingo
card, if you don't follow up on that lead promptly, the customer is likely to
Following up on leads can take a lot of time. One solution
is to place your lead management function into the capable hands of an
advertising or public relations agency. Outsourcing lead management enables
companies to relieve the burden on in-house staff, generate more qualified leads
and provide swifter follow-through and better customer service.
Managing the customer relationship means handling lead
fulfillment in a timely manner, which may entail mailing a product brochure or
replying to an e-mail inquiry with very specific information. At the same time,
you must gather the facts you need to better understand your customer on
multiple levels including his communication preferences (e.g., e-mail or phone
contact) and readiness to purchase (e.g., is he ready to buy now, in six months
or not at all).
Effective lead management can be a time-intensive process
for both your marketing and sales departments, but the payoffs can be huge.
Whether you keep your lead management function in-house or entrust it to a
qualified agency that works closely with you, taking the lead by implementing
an effective program can help ensure that you stay in the lead in today's
competitive business environment.