After three years of droughts, Cape Town, South Africa, has set Day Zero—the day the town runs out of water—for April 21, 2018. Cape...
At the beginning of this year, the American Water Resources
Association (AWRA) sent a letter to President Bush, House Speaker Hastert and
Majority Leader Frist calling on them to address a "growing water
crisis." The letter touched on familiar crisis themes such as drought
impacts, water quality, budget shortfalls and water rights.
The interesting part of this letter is what it didn't
include. There was no mention of the need to throw money at the system as the
answer to the problems. Instead, it called for the Administration and Congress
to have the government agencies under their authority collaboratively create an
"action agenda" to address water resources challenges facing the
The letter's findings were based on the discussions
that took place at a National Water Policy Dialogue in September 2002. This
discussion included more than 250 water resources experts from the
Administration, Congress and state and local officials. Sponsored by the AWRA,
the Dialogue had the support of 10 federal agencies and 25 non-federal
organizations that deal with water.
From the many recommended actions, clear challenges for the
Administration and Congress emerged.
a National Water Vision. Where does the Nation wish to be in 2020? Determine in
cooperation with the states and local governments, how the Nation wants to deal
with water, address competing goals and objectives (social, environmental and
economic) and establish broad priorities for resource expenditures.
a National Water Policy that puts the vision into action. This is not a call
for a policy that directs the actions of federal, state and local governments
but rather defines the shared responsibilities at each level for dealing with
coordination and collaboration among Federal agencies at state, regional and
local levels; consider incentives for gaining cooperation to reach policy
objectives and connect water quality and water quantity for a unified water
with water issues on a holistic basis.
For the first time in a long while, when I read over these
recommendations they seemed practical and, more importantly, doable. Of course,
this may just be my naiveness to the workings of government. For me, these
recommendations are well within the realm of what I think government should do.
Instead of backroom deals involving water projects for home districts, this
plan (for now) only costs time and mental energy.
I am not saying making a plan will be easy. There also is
the issue of where water ranks as a priority to government. Until now, it has
been pretty low. However, with tight budget constraints at all levels of
government, the time for this plan may be right. How can you decide where the
money goes for projects, if you don't have an overall plan or objectives?
The key to these recommendations is collaboration and
coordination--maybe not the strengths of government. However, the
alternatives for not having a current plan as presented by the Dialogue (e.g.,
negative impact on economy, legal conflicts, reverse progress of water
clean-ups, etc.) should not be taken lightly. Of course, funding issues will
take center stage once a plan is in place.